Carmakers may need several years to revamp their supply chains to meet new rules, but the legislation is still seen as a win for electric vehicles.
Battery-powered vehicles are considered essential to the fight against climate change, but most models are aimed at the affluent.
The loan will help the automaker and its supplier build electric vehicle battery factories in Ohio, Tennessee and Michigan.
Using $5 billion that Congress allocated last year, the Biden administration would require states to install high-voltage chargers along interstate highways.
The yawning disparity between the performance of the electric car company and established automakers last year reflects the technological change roiling the industry.
Senator Marco Rubio criticized the electric carmaker for opening the outlet in a region where China has been accused of targeting Muslims.
The company’s Lexus brand will only sell electric cars by 2030 in China, Europe and the United States.