The federal appeals court judge was celebrated among conservatives as a constant if sometimes provocative exponent of judicial restraint
He signed one of the strongest gun-control laws in the country but lost his bid for reelection as governor over a massive increase in taxes.
He was credited with bringing transformative change to his city as mayor in the 1970s and was the patriarch of a Democratic dynasty.
The son of a Philadelphia street cleaner, he led the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees for three decades.
A longtime friend of Ronald and Nancy Reagan, she parlayed her influence within Republican circles into a career as a Washington lobbyist.
His organization, the Democracy Alliance, became one of the most influential coalitions of liberal donors in American politics.
Grief over the murder of his father spurred the New Hampshire state legislator to become a leading advocate for the abolition of capital punishment.
A consummate political insider, he served two stints in the White House that bookended the administration of Ronald Reagan.
The former chief of the Office of Legal Counsel and acting solicitor general helped shape generations of jurists with the intellect he brought to questions of constitutional law.
His incisive commentaries helped provide the intellectual underpinning of landmark U.S. Supreme Court rulings guaranteeing protections for criminal defendants and suspects, among them those contained in the Miranda warning.