Democrats say the new map of House districts violates the state constitution. Republicans say they have worked within the law and did not consider race in drawing lines that give an advantage to conservative White Republicans.
The Democratic gubernatorial candidate, incumbent Phil Murphy, had held a clear lead throughout the campaign, unlike the tight race in Virginia.
The map, which Republicans say is an extreme partisan gerrymander, gives Democrats a 14-to-3 seat advantage in the House.
Liberal and pro-Democratic groups have joined the legal fray to oppose the plan, underscoring the extent to which even a single seat could be decisive in the Democrats’ quest to retain their razor-thin majority in the U.S. House in 2022.
The second-longest serving member in the Texas delegation faces a potential primary against her neighboring Black incumbent.
In initial maps released by multiple states, mapmakers sharply curb the number of competitive seats.
Lawmakers in the state Senate, making the first move to redraw House maps, chose to strengthen incumbents against future demographic change rather than draw districts that might be more competitive but risky.
The state, controlled by Democrats, could make up for gerrymandering expected in Republican states if it draws extreme lines — the kind it has railed against in the past.
An early flurry of litigation even before legislative and congressional maps have been drawn signals how intense the fight for partisan power will be in the coming year.